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Employment and Labor Laws

Alabama

Minimum Wage, Overtime, Hours and Leave


Minimum Wage

Alabama has not established a minimum wage rate. For more information on Alabama’s minimum wage laws, visit our Alabama Minimum Wage Laws page, which includes topics such as minimum wage, tip minimum wage, tip sharing and pooling, and subminimum wages.

Related topic covered on other pages include:


Overtime

Alabama labor laws do not have laws governing the payment of overtime. Federal overtime laws apply. See FLSA: Overtime for more information regarding overtime requirements.


Prevailing Wages

Alabama does not have a prevailing wage law that governs wage rates on government project or service contracts.

Under certain circumstances, employers in Alabama may be required to pay residents wage rates established by federal prevailing wage rates and rules. The prevailing wage rates may be different from the federal and state’s standard minimum wage rates. Employees may be eligible for prevailing wages if they work on government or government-funded construction projects or perform certain government services. See the Davis-Bacon and Related Acts, McNamara-O’Hara Service Contract Act (SCA), and Walsh-Healey Public Contracts Act (PCA) for more information about prevailing wages.


Meals and Breaks

Alabama labor laws require employers to provide a 30-minute meal/rest period to employees ages 14 and 15 who are scheduled to work 5 continuous hours. Alabama Child Labor Laws

Alabama employers are not required to provide a meal period or breaks to employees 16 years of age and over, thus the federal rule applies. The federal rule does not require an employer to provide either a meal (lunch) period or breaks. However, if an employer chooses to do so, breaks, usually of the type lasting less than 20 minutes, must be paid. Meal or lunch periods (usually 30 minutes or more) do not need to be paid, so long as the employee is free to do as they wish during the meal or lunch period. DOL: Breaks and Meal Periods.


Nursing Mother Breaks

Alabama labor laws do not require employers to provide nursing mothers with breaks to express breast milk. However, the federal Fair Labor Standards Act requires certain employees to provide nonexempt nursing mothers for one (1) year following a child’s birth with reasonable rest breaks to express milk and private spaces, other than a bathroom, to express breast milk.


Vacation Leave

Information about Alabama vacation leave laws may now be found on our Alabama Leave Laws page.


Sick Leave

Information about Alabama sick leave laws may now be found on our Alabama Leave Laws page.


Holiday Leave

Information about Alabama holiday leave laws may now be found on our Alabama Leave Laws page.


Jury Duty Leave

Information about Alabama jury duty leave laws may now be found on our Alabama Leave Laws page.


Voting Leave

Information about Alabama voting leave laws may now be found on our Alabama Leave Laws page.


Severance Pay

Alabama labor laws do not require employers to provide employees with severance pay. If an employer chooses to provide severance benefits, it must comply with the terms of its established policy or employment contract.


Unemployment

Under certain circumstances, Alabama residents may be eligible for unemployment benefits while they search for another job. You are required to certify that you are unemployed on a weekly basis to receive these benefits. See Alabama State Unemployment Benefits.


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