Maryland’s current minimum wage is $12.50 for large employers (15 or more employees) and $12.20 for small employees (14 employees or fewer), except in Montgomery counties.
For more information on Maryland’s minimum wage laws, visit our Maryland Minimum Wage Laws page, which includes topics such as minimum wage, tip minimum wage, tip sharing and pooling, and subminimum wages.
Related topics covered on other pages include:
Maryland labor laws require employers to pay employees overtime at a rate of 1½ time their regular rate when they work 40 hours or more in a work week, unless otherwise exempt or other rules apply. MD Statute, Labor and Employment 3-415, MD Regulations 09.12.41.14, MD Div. of Labor Wage & Hour Fact Sheet. See FLSA: Overtime for more information regarding overtime requirements.
Under certain circumstances, employers in Maryland may be required to pay residents wage rates established by the federal or state prevailing wage rates and rules. The prevailing wage rates may be different from the state’s standard minimum wage rates. Employees may be eligible for prevailing wages if they work on federal or state government or government-funded construction projects or perform certain federal or state government services. See the Maryland Prevailing Wages, Davis-Bacon and Related Acts, McNamara-O’Hara Service Contract Act (SCA), and Walsh-Healey Public Contracts Act (PCA) for more information about prevailing wages.
Meals and Breaks
Maryland labor laws require employers to provide employees under the age of 18 with a 30 minute break for every 5 consecutive hours of work. MD Statute, Labor and Employment 3-210.
The Healthy Retail Employee Act requires certain employers in the retail industry to provide employees with breaks. The length of the break depends on the duration of the employee’s shift. The length of break requirements are as follows:
|up to 4 consecutive hours||None|
|between 4 and 6 consecutive hours||15 minute break|
|between 6 and 8 consecutive hours||30 minute break|
|8 or more consecutive hours||30 minute break plus a 15 minute break for every additional 4 consecutive hours.|
The Healthy Retail Employee Act does not specifically require that employees be paid for the breaks, however, the Maryland Division of Labor & Industry counsels that the FLSA generally requires employers to pay employees for breaks lasting less than 20 minutes. MD Statute, Labor and Employment 3-710, MD Div. of Labor & Industry FAQ.
Other than employers covered by the Healthy Retail Employee Act, Maryland does not require employers to provide breaks, including lunch breaks, for workers 18 years old or older. An employer who chooses to provide a break in excess of 20 minutes does not have to pay wages for lunch periods or other breaks if the employee is free to leave the worksite, in fact takes their lunch or break, and the employee does not actually perform work. According to federal law, breaks 20 minutes or shorter typically must be paid. FLSA.
Nursing Mother Breaks
Maryland labor laws do not require employers to provide nursing mothers with breaks to express breast milk. However, the federal Fair Labor Standards Act requires certain employees to provide nonexempt nursing mothers for one (1) year following a child’s birth with reasonable rest breaks to express milk and private spaces, other than a bathroom, to express breast milk.
Information about Maryland vacation leave laws may now be found on our Maryland Leave Laws page.
Information about Maryland sick leave laws may now be found on our Maryland Leave Laws page.
Information about Maryland holiday leave laws may now be found on our Maryland Leave Laws page.
Jury Duty Leave
Information about Maryland jury duty leave laws may now be found on our Maryland Leave Laws page.
Information about Maryland voting leave laws may now be found on our Maryland Leave Laws page.
Maryland labor laws do not require employers to provide employees with severance pay. Maryland Guide to Wage Payment and Employment Standards. If an employer chooses to provide severance benefits, it must comply with the terms of its established policy or employment contract.
Under certain circumstances, Maryland residents may be eligible for unemployment benefits while they search for another job. You are required to certify that you are unemployed on a weekly basis to receive these benefits. See Maryland State Unemployment Benefits.