In Colorado, an employer is not required to provide its employees with vacation benefits. CO Department of Labor and Employment – Vacation If an employer chooses to provide such benefits, it must comply with the terms of its established policy or employment contract and must pay employees for earned and determinable earned vacation leave. Colo. Rev. Stat. § 8-4-101(14)(a)(III).
Employers vacation policies may include any of the following:
- whether there is any vacation pay at all
- the amount of vacation pay per year or other period
- whether vacation pay accrues all at once, proportionally each week, month, or other period
- whether there is a cap of one year’s worth (or more) of vacation pay.
Employers must pay employees earned vacation leave upon separation from employment and may not lawfully enforce a policy or agreement denying employees payment for accrued vacation leave upon separation from employment. Colo. Rev. Stat. § 8-4-101(14)(a)(III); CO Dept. of Labor Vacation FAQ; see Hernandez v. Ray Domenico Farms, Inc., 414 P.3d 700 (Colo. 2018).
For purposes of furloughs, employers are not required to pay employees for unused earned vacation leave if the furlough is:
- caused by a full or partial shutdown of employer operations, and
- planned and genuinely expected to be not longer than 30 days OR any longer duration of a state of emergency declared by the state or federal government that required the shutdown.
Colorado law require some employers to provide employees with sick leave benefits. CO Statute 8-13.3-401 to 418; CO Interpretive Notice & Formal Opinion (“INFO”) # 6B; CO Department of Labor and Employment – Sick Pay
An employer in Colorado may be required to provide an employee unpaid sick leave in accordance with the Family and Medical Leave Act or other federal laws.
Colorado law does not require private employers to provide employees with either paid or unpaid holiday leave. In Colorado, a private employer can require an employee to work holidays. An employer does not have to pay an employee premium pay, such as one and a half (1½) times the regular rate, for working on holidays, unless such time worked qualifies the employee for overtime CO Department of Labor and Employment – Holiday Leave If a private employer chooses to provide either paid or unpaid holiday leave, it must comply with the terms of its established policy or employment contract.
Visit our Colorado State Holidays page for a list of holidays recognized and observed by the state of Colorado as well as information regarding state laws governing holiday leave for public employers and employees.
Jury Duty Leave
Colorado laws require employers to pay regular employees up to $50 per day for first three (3) days of trial or grand juror service, unless the employer and employee have agreed otherwise to pay more. Regular employees include employees whose hours may be determined by a schedule, custom or practice established during the three-month period preceding the employee’s jury service. This includes:
- part-time employees
- temporary employees
- casual employees
An employer may not discharge, penalize, harass, threaten, coerce or substantially interfere with an employee for responding to a jury summons or serving on a jury. Colorado Stat. 13-71-134
Colorado law requires employers to provide employees with up to two (2) hours of paid leave to vote, unless:
1) an employee has not requested the leave at least one day prior to the vote date, or 2) the employee has three (3) or more hours after the opening or before the closing of the polls during which the voter is not required to be on the job.
An employer may specify the hours an employee may take leave to vote, but the period must fall at the beginning or end of the work period if the employee so requests.
Colorado law does not require employers to provide employees bereavement leave or leave to attend funerals. Bereavement leave is leave that is taken by an employee due to the death of another individual, usually a close relative. Employers may choose to provide bereavement leave and may be required to comply with any bereavement policy or practice they maintain.