Idaho Child Labor Laws


Idaho stamp

Idaho child labor laws set forth the rules and limitations regarding the days and time children under the age of 18 years old may work in Idaho. They also clarify and limit the types of work children under the age of 14 and youth who are 14, 15, 16, and 17 year olds may work. It is also important to remember that businesses and youth workers must comply with the federal child labor laws set forth in the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Below is information about Idaho child labor law rules and limitations.

How old do you have to be to work in Idaho?

Under Idaho child labor laws, youth must be 12-years-old or older to get a job and work in Idaho with a few exceptions. Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), which applies to Idaho employers and workers, most youth must be 14-year-old to work with a few exception.

ID Statute 44-1301 to 44-1308 (Child Labor Law), FLSA


What days can a minor work in Idaho?

Idaho child labor laws do not limit the days of the week youth may work in Idaho. However, Idaho rules limit the times during a day a minor may work. ID Statute 44-1301 to 44-1308 (Child Labor Law), FLSA


What times during the day can a minor work in Idaho?

The times during a day a minor may work in Idaho varies based on 1) whether they are under 16 year old or not, and 2) whether the work will be during school weeks or non-school weeks.

For youth that are 16-years-old and 17-years-old, Idaho child labor laws do not restrict the times during a workday in which they may work, except an employer may not require a minor to work when the minor is supposed to be in school.

For youth that are 14-years-old and 15-years old, Idaho child labor laws restrict the times during the day in which they work to 6 a.m. to 9 p.m.

For youth that are 12-years-old and 13-years old, Idaho child labor laws restrict the times during the day in which they work to 6 a.m. to 9 p.m. However, under Idaho child labor laws, 12 and 13-year-old can only work when there are at least 2 consecutive weeks of vacation from school.

AgeSchool WeeksNon-School Weeks
What times can a 12-year-old work? (only when there are 2 weeks of school vacation)06 a.m. until 9 p.m. if there is at least 2 weeks of school vacation
What times can a 13-year-old work? (only when there are 2 weeks of school vacation)06 a.m. until 9 p.m. if there is at least 2 weeks of school vacation
What times can a 14-year-old work?6 a.m. until 9 p.m.6 a.m. until 9 p.m.
What times can a 15-year-old work?6 a.m. until 9 p.m.6 a.m. until 9 p.m.
What times can a 16-year-old work?No restrictionNo restriction
What times can a 17-year-old work?No restrictionNo restriction

The FLSA also restricts the times youth may work each workday. When the federal child labor laws are more restrictive than Idaho laws, the federal rules apply.

AgeSchool Weeks
(Labor Day to June 1)
Non-School Weeks
(June 1 to Labor Day)
What times can a 14-year-old work?7 a.m. until 7 p.m.7 a.m. until 9 p.m.
What times can a 15-year-old work?7 a.m. until 7 p.m.7 a.m. until 9 p.m.
What times can a 16-year-old work?No restrictionNo restriction
What times can a 17-year-old work?No restrictionNo restriction

ID Statute 44-1301 to 44-1308 (Child Labor Law), FLSA


How many hours can a minor work each day in Idaho?

For youth that are 16-years-old and 17-years-old, Idaho child labor laws do not restrict how many hours they may work in a workday, except an employer may not require a minor to work when the minor is supposed to be in school.

Moreover, under Idaho child labor laws, children that are 14-years-old and 15-years-old may work no more than 9 hours each day.

For youth that are 12-years-old and 13-years old, Idaho child labor laws restrict the hours they may work each day to 9 hours. However, under Idaho child labor laws, 12 and 13-year-old can only work when there are at least 2 consecutive weeks of vacation from school.

Max Hours Work Each DaySchool daysNon-school days
How many hours can a 12-year-old work each week?09 if there is at least 2 weeks of school vacation
How many hours can a 13-year-old work each week? (only when there are 2 weeks of school vacation)09 if there is at least 2 weeks of school vacation
How many hours can a 14-year-old work each day?99
How many hours can a 15-year-old work each day?99
How many hours can a 16-year-old work each day?No restrictionNo restriction
How many hours can a 17-year-old work each day?No restrictionNo restriction

The FLSA also restricts the how many hours a youth may work each workday. When the federal child labor laws are more restrictive than Idaho laws, the federal rules apply.

Max Hours Work Each DaySchool daysNon-school days
How many hours can a 14-year-old work each day?38
How many hours can a 15-year-old work each day?38
How many hours can a 16-year-old work each day?No restrictionNo restriction
How many hours can a 17-year-old work each day?No restrictionNo restriction

ID Statute 44-1301 to 44-1308 (Child Labor Law), FLSA


How many hours can a minor work each week in Idaho?

For youth that are 16-years-old and 17-years-old, Idaho child labor laws do not restrict how many hours they may work in a workweek, except an employer may not require a minor to work when the minor is supposed to be in school.

Moreover, under Idaho child labor laws, children that are 14-years-old and 15-years-old may work no more than 54 hours each workweek.

Additionally, children that are 12 years old or 13 years old may work no more than 54 hours each workweek only if there is a vacation from school lasting at least 2 consecutive weeks. During periods where vacations from school last less than 2 weeks, 12 and 13-year-olds may not work.

Max Hours Worked Each WorkweekSchool WeeksNon-School Weeks
How many hours can a 12-year-old work each week?054 if there is at least 2 weeks of school vacation
How many hours can a 13-year-old work each week?054 if there is at least 2 weeks of school vacation
How many hours can a 14-year-old work each week?5454
How many hours can a 15-year-old work each week?5454
How many hours can a 16-year-old work each week?No restrictionNo restriction
How many hours can a 17-year-old work each day?No restrictionNo restriction

The FLSA also restricts the how many hours a youth may work each workweek. When Idaho child labor laws are more restrictive than the federal laws, the Idaho rules apply.

Max Hours Worked Each Workweek
Federal Law
School Weeks
(Labor Day to June 1)
Federal Law
Non-School Weeks
(June 1 to Labor Day)
How many hours can a 14-year-old work each week?1840
How many hours can a 15-year-old work each week?1840
How many hours can a 16-year-old work each week?No restrictionNo restriction
How many hours can a 17-year-old work each week?No restrictionNo restriction

ID Statute 44-1301 to 44-1308 (Child Labor Law), FLSA


What kinds of jobs can a minor work in Idaho?

In Idaho, youth under 14 years old may not work in the following occupations or businesses.

minefactoryworkshop
mercantile establishmentstoretelegraph or telephone office
laundryrestauranthotel
apartment housedistribution or transmission
of merchandise or messages

In Idaho, according to the FLSA, youth 14 years old and older may work in the following jobs.

office and clerical work, including operating office machinesintellectual or artistically creative work such as, but not limited to, computer programming, writing software, teaching or tutoring, serving as a peer counselor or teacher’s assistant, singing, playing a musical instrument, and drawing (artistically creative work is limited to work in a recognized field of artistic or creative endeavor)cooking with electric or gas grills so long as it does not require cooking over an open flame or cooking with deep fryers so long as the fryer utilizes a device that automatically lowers and raises the basket(s) into and out of the hot oil or grease (this provision does not permit youth who are 14 and 15 years old to cook with equipment such as rotisseries, broilers, pressurized equipment, and cooking devices that operate at extremely high temperatures)
casheringsellingmodeling
art workwork in advertising departmentswindow trimming
comparative shoppingprice marking and tagging by hand or machineassembling orders
packingshelvingbagging and carrying out customers’ orders
errand and delivery work by foot, bicycle, and public transportationclean up work, including the use of vacuum cleaners and floor waxersgrounds maintenance, not including the use of power-driven mowers, cutters, trimmers, edgers, or similar equipment
kitchen work involved in preparing and serving food and beverages, including operating machines and devices such as dishwashers, toasters, dumbwaiters, popcorn poppers, milk shake blenders, coffee grinders, automatic coffee machines, warmers, steam tables, heat lamps, and microwave ovens that do not have the capacity to warm above 140 degrees fahrenheit (minors are permitted to enter freezers momentarily to retrieve items in conjunction with restocking or food preparation)cleaning kitchen equipment, including removing oil or grease filters, pouring oil through filters, and moving receptacles containing hot grease or hot oil so long as the equipment, surfaces, containers, and liquids do not exceed a temperature of 100 degrees fahrenheit.cleaning vegetables and fruit
wrapping, sealing, labeling, weighing, pricing, and stocking items, including vegetables, fruits, and meats, when performed in areas physically separate from a freezer or meat coolerloading onto and unloading from motor vehicles light, non-power-driver, hand tools, personal protective equipment, and other equipment that will be used in the youth’s employment on a work site, such as rakes, hand-held clippers, shovels, and broom, backpacks, lunch boxes, and clothing. Items a 14 or 15-year-old would not be able to unload include trash, sales kits, promotion items, items for sale, lawn mowers, power-driven lawn maintenance equipment, barriers, cones, or signageperforming lifeguard duties (only applies to 15 year olds; 14 year olds are not permitted to perform lifeguard duties)
work inside and outside places of business where machinery is used to process wood products (only applies to 14 or 15 year old youth who by statute of judicial order are exempt from compulsory school attendance beyond 8th grade)work in conjunction with cars and truck, so long as the work is confined to: dispensing gasoline and oil, courtesy service, car cleaning, washing, and polishing by handwork in conjunction with riding in motor vehicles except where prohibited by 29 CFR 570.33(f) or when a significant reason, although not necessarily the primary reason, for the minor being a passenger is for the purpose of performing work in transporting people or property.

In Idaho, under the FLSA, youth under 16 years old may not work in the following jobs, except except when serving a voluntary apprenticeship, work-training program, or student-learner program..

manufacturing, including occupations requiring the performance of any duties in work rooms or places where goods are manufacturedmining, including occupations requiring the performance of any duties in work rooms or places where goods are minedprocessing, including occupations requiring the performance of any duties in work rooms or places where goods are processed
operating, tending, setting up, adjusting, cleaning, oiling, or repairing hoisting apparatuswork in or around boiler or engine rooms or in connection with maintaining or repairing the establishment, machines, or equipmentoperating, tending, setting up, adjusting, cleaning, oiling, or repairing power-driven machinery, including but not limited to lawn mowers, golf carts, all-terrain vehicles, trimmers, cutters, weed-eaters, edgers, food slicers, food grinders, food choppers, food processors, food cutters, and food mixers
operating motor vehicles or serving as a helper on a motor vehicleriding on a motor vehicle except in those cases where is explicitly permitted (see above)outside window washing if it involves working from window sills
work requiring the use of ladders, scaffolds, or similar equipmentbaking and cooking activities except in those cases explicitly permitted (see above)working in freezers and meat coolers, unless it is only momentarily to retrieve items (see above)
preparing meats for sale except in those cases explicitly permitted (see above)youth peddlingloading and unloading of goods or property onto or from motor vehicles, railroad cars, or conveyors, except the loading and unloading of personal non-power-driven hand tools, personal protective equipment, and personal items to and from motor vehicles
catching and cooping of poultry in preparation for transport or for marketpublic messenger serviceoccupations in connection with transporting people or property by rail, highway, air, water, pipeline, or other means, except office work (including ticket office) or sales work if it does not involve performing any duties on trains, motor vehicles, aircraft, vessels, or other media of transportation
occupations in connection with warehousing and storage, except office work or sales workoccupations in connection with communications and public utilities. except office work or sales workoccupations in connection with construction, including demolition and repair, except office work or sales work if it does not involve performing duties at the actual site of construction operations.

In Idaho, under the FLSA, youth under 18 years old may not work in the following hazardous jobs except when serving a voluntary apprenticeship, work-training program, or student-learner program.

ID Statute 44-1301 to 44-1308 (Child Labor Law), FLSA


Does a teen need to have a work permit or certificate to work in Idaho?

Idaho child labor laws do not require teens under 18 years old to to obtain an employment certificate (work permit) in order to work in the state.

Although, teens may obtain a federal certificate of age to validate their age and employers may rely on the federal age certificate to defend themselves from claims that they employed an underage teen. FLSA Child Labor Law Age Certificates


Are youth workers entitled to rest breaks or meal breaks?

In Idaho, employers are not required to give youth workers rest or meal breaks. ID Dept. of Labor: Labor Law Guide

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