The State of Texas has recognized several days each calendar year as national holiday and has designated several days each calendar year as state holidays. The implications of these national and state holidays on public employers and private employers is discussed below.
The following list contains the national and state holidays recognized by Texas.
- National Holidays:
- New Year’s Day (January 1)
- Martin Luther King Jr. Day (3rd Monday in January)
- Presidents’ Day (3rd Monday in February)
- Memorial Day(last Monday in May)
- Independence Day (July 4)
- Labor Day (1st Monday in September)
- Veterans Day (November 11)
- Thanksgiving Day (4th Thursday in November)
- Christmas Day (December 25)
- State Holidays:
- Confederate Heroes Day (January 19)
- Texas Independence Day (March 2)
- San Jacinto Day (April 21)
- Emancipation Day in Texas (June 19)
- Lyndon Baines Johnson Day August 27)
- The Day after Thanksgiving Day
- The Day before Christmas Day (December 24)
- The Day after Christmas Day (December 26)
Click here for a list of federal holidays.
Public offices in Texas may be closed on all national legal holidays and state legal holidays that fall on Saturday, Sunday, and the Friday after Thanksgiving. TX Government Code 662.004; TX Government Code 662.022 For all other state holidays, state agencies and institutions of higher education must have enough employees on duty to conduct public business. TX Government Code 662.004
State employees are eligible for a paid time off on holidays if they are a state employee on the last workday before and/or after the holiday and the holiday does not fall on a Saturday or Sunday or the employing agency is not otherwise prohibited from observing the holiday. TX Government Code 662.005 Employees who are entitled to paid holiday leave and who are required to work on national or state holidays are entitled ot compensatory time off sometime during the 12 months following the holiday. Employees who have accrued compensatory leave must give their employers reasonable notice of their intention to use the leave but are not required to disclose the purpose for the leave. Institutions of higher education may pay employees at their regular rate instead of granting compensatory leave if granting the compensatory leave would disrupt normal teaching, research, or other critical functions. TX Government Code 662.007 Holiday pay for part-time employees is prorated consistent with the employees’ normal schedule. TX Government Code 662.008 State employees who work other than a Monday through Friday schedule are entitled to eight hours of holiday leave multiplied by the number of national and state holiday in a fiscal year. TX Government Code 662.009
State agencies may allow employees to take Cesar Chavez Day (March 31) as a state holiday in lieu of any other state holiday that occurs on a weekday, other than a weekday on which a state-wide election is held, on which the agency is required to be open. TX Government Code 662.013 Institution of higher education, other than junior colleges, may establish the holiday schedule for the institution, subject to any statutory limitations; however, the institution of higher education may not designate more holidays than the number allowed to state agency employees. Employees at institutions of higher education are entitled to paid holiday leave if they are scheduled to work at least 20 hours in a week and are not required to be students as a condition of employment. TX Government Code 662.011
Private employers in Texas are not required to close on any of the listed holidays. Additionally, private employers are not required to allow employees to take either paid or unpaid time off on the holidays nor are they required to pay employees any premium wage rates to employees who work on the holidays. Private employers may establish policies or practices granting employees time off on any of the listed holiday or agree to pay premium wage rates to employees who work on those days. Employers who establish such policies or practices may be required to comply with them.
Find out more about Texas’s Leave Laws.