Florida Child Labor Laws – 14 and 15 Year Olds

Florida Child Labor Laws – 14 and 15 Year Olds

Florida child labor laws have provisions specifically directed to 14 and 15 year olds, including restrictions on what times during a day 14 and 15 year olds may work, how many hours in a week they many work, and what jobs or occupations they may perform. The restrictions on the employment of 14 and 15 year olds under Florida’s child labor laws are discussed below.

Hours of work

Pursuant to Florida child labor laws, youth who are 14 or 15 years old may generally work:

  • When school is in session
    • between 7:00 a.m. and after 7:00 p.m. when school is schedule for the following day
    • no more than 15 hours in one week
    • no more than 3 hours in on any school day, unless they are enrolled in a career education program or there is no session of school the following day
  • During holidays and summer vacations
    • between 7:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m.
    • no more than 40 hours in one week
    • no more than 8 hours in one day

FL Statute 450.081(1)

These time and hour restriction on youth labor do not apply if:

  • the minor has received a valid certificate of exemption from the school superintendent or his or her designee pursuant to Florida Statute 1003.21;
  • the minor is enrolled in a public education institution and qualify on a hardship basis such as economic necessity or family emergency (such determination is made by the school superintendent or his or her designee, and a waiver of hours is issued to the minor and employer);
  • the minors works in domestic service in private homes;
  • the minor works for his or her parents; or
  • the minor works as a page of the Florida Legislature.

FL Statute 450.081(5)

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Prohibited occupations

Florida child labor laws prohibit 14 and 15 year old youth, including those that are exempt from the definition of child or minor as described above, except those employed in the entertainment industry, from working in the following occupations:

  • in connection with power-driven machinery, except law mowers with cutting blades 40 inches or less;
  • in manufacturing, mining, or processing occupations, including occupations requiring the performance of any duties in work rooms or work place where goods are manufactures, mined, or otherwise processed;
  • in any manufacturing that uses industrial machines to make or process a product;
  • the manufacture, transportation, or use of explosive or highly flammable substances;
  • sawmills or logging operations;
  • on any scaffolding;
  • in construction (including demolition and repair);
  • in work performed in or about boiler or engine rooms;
  • in work maintaining or repairing machines or equipment;
  • loading and unloading goods to and from trucks, railroad cars, or conveyors;
  • in operating motor vehicles, except a motorscooter which they are licensed to operate, except 14 and 15 year olds may drive farm tractors in the course of their farm work under the close supervision of their parents on a family-operated farm, and exempt that qualified 14 and 15 year olds may drive tractors in the course of their farm work under the close supervision of the farm operator (qualified means having completed a training course in tractor operation sponsored by a recognized agricultural or vocation agency, as evidenced by a duly executed certificate, such certificate to be filed with the farm operator for the duration of the employment;
  • service as a helper on a motor vehicle;
  • public messenger service;
  • in transportation of people or property by rail, highway, air, water, pipeline, or other means;
  • in warehousing and storage, except office and clerical work;
  • in occupations involved in agriculture as defined in 29 CFR 570.71)
  • in communications and electric utilities;
  • in oiling, cleaning, or wiping machinery or shafting or applying belts to pulleys;
  • in repairing elevators or other hoisting apparatus;
  • operating or tending of hoisting apparatus or of any power-driven machinery other than office machines;
  • in freezers or meat coolers and all work in preparation of meat for sale, except wrapping, sealing, labeling, weighing, pricing, and stocking when performed in a different area (this does not prohibit work performed in the normal operation of a food service facility licensed under Florida Statute 509;
  • in the operation of power-driven laundry or dry cleaning machinery or any similar power-driven machinery;
  • spray painting;
  • alligator wrestling, work in conjunction with snake pits, or similar hazardous activities;
  • in dispensing, transporting, modifying, or altering tanks, cylinders, or other equipment used for storing, any inert or compound gas, including air, which has been compressed to a pressure of more than 40 pounds per square inch (psi);
  • door-to-door selling of magazines, subscriptions, candy, cookies, flowers, except merchandise of nonprofit organizations, such as the Girl Scouts of America or the Boy Scouts of America; or
  • in working with meat or vegetable slicing machines.

FL Statute 450.061(1); FL Admin. Code 61L-2.005 (referencing US Regulation 29 CFR 570).

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