Arizona Child Labor Laws – 16 and 17 Year Olds


Arizona child labor laws have provisions specifically directed to 16 and 17 year olds, including restrictions on jobs or occupations they may perform. Arizona child labor laws prohibit employers from employing 16 and 17 year old youth in the following hazardous occupations, unless a variance is granted:

  • manufacturing or storing explosives, except in retail establishments where the youth does not handle explosives other than prepackaged small arms ammunition (ammunition not exceeding .60 caliber in size, shotgun shells, or blasting caps)
    • explosives include ammunition, black powder, blasting caps, fireworks, or any substance or combination of substances commonly used for the purpose of detonation and which, on exposure to any external force or condition, is capable of a relatively instantaneous release of gas and heat
  • motor vehicle driver or outside helper, except when driving is incidental to the youth’s employment, the youth has a valid driver’s license, and either total driving time does not exceed two hours per day or twenty-five per cent of the work period per day, or the total mileage driven each day is less than fifty miles
    • a motor vehicle includes an automobile, truck, truck tractor, trailer, semitrailer, motorcycle, or similar vehicle propelled or drawn by mechanical power and designed for use as a means of transportation; it does not include a vehicle operated exclusively on rails
    • an outside helper is a person who rides on a motor vehicle other than in the driver or passenger compartment for the purpose of transporting, loading, or unloading items


  • mine or quarry occupations
    • mines and quarries include underground or surface rock or mineral extracting, placer, dredging, or bore-hole operations including all grinding and metal mills, washer plants, and any other cutting, crushing, grinding, screening, sizing, washing, or cleaning operation performed on extracted rocks or minerals
  • logging occupations, which include:
    • felling timber, bucking, or converting timber into logs, poles, piles, ties, bolts, pulpwood, chemical wood, excelsior wood, cordwood, fence posts, or similar products
    • collecting, skidding, yarding, loading, transporting, and unloading such products
    • constructing, repairing, and maintaining roads, railroads, flumes, or camps used in connection with logging, moving, installing, rigging, and maintaining machinery or equipment used in logging
    • operation of a sawmill, lath mill, shingle mill, or cooperage stock mill in connection with the storing of logs and bolts, converting logs or bolts into sawed lumber, laths, shingles, or cooperage stock and storing, drying and shipping lumber, laths, shingles and cooperage stock or other products of such mills
  • working with power-driven woodworking machines, including operation, setup, repair, adjustment, oiling, and cleaning

      a power-driven woodworking machine is a fixed or portable machine or tool driven by power and used or designed for cutting, shaping, forming, surfacing, nailing, stapling, wire stitching, fastening, assembling, pressing, or printing wood or veneer

  • work involving exposure to radioactive substances and to radiation in excess of 0.5 rem per year
    • radition means ionizing radiation including gamma rays, x-rays, alpha and beta particles, high speed electrons, neutrons, protons, and other nuclear particles or rays
    • radioactive material includes solid, liquid, or gaseous material or materials that spontaneously emit radiation
  • working with power-driven hoists with capacity exceeding one ton or an elevator, except operation of an automatic elevator incidental to employment
    • a power-driven hoist is an apparatus for raising or lowering a load by the application of a pulling or pushing force including a crane, derrick, or forklift; it does not include an elevator or an automatic elevator
    • elevator means a power-driven hoisting or lowering mechanism equipped with a car or platform which moves in guides in a substantially vertical direction; it does not include dumbwaiters
    • automatic elevators include passenger or freight lifts operated by push buttons so that starting, moving, leveling, holding, and opening and closing doors is completely automatic
  • working with power-driven metal working, forming, punching, or shearing machines which change the shape of or cuts metal by means of dies, rolls, knives, or similar tools which are mounted on rams, plungers or other moving parts; it does not include machine tools
  • slaughtering, meat packing, processing or rendering of meat, or working with power-driven meat processing machines, including operation, setup, repair, adjustment, oiling, or cleaning
    • power-driven meat processing machines include meat patty forming machines, meat and bone cutting saws or knifes, head splitters, guillotine cutters, snout pullers, jaw pullers, skinning machines, horizontal rotary washing machines, casing cleaning machines, grinding, mixing, chopping, and hashing machines and meat presses
  • working with power-driven bakery machines, which include horizontal or vertical dough mixers, batter mixers, bread dividing, rounding, or molding machines, dough brakes, dough sheeters, combination bread slicing and wrapping machines, cake cutting band saws, cookie machines, or cracker machines
  • working with power-driven paper products machines, which include platen die-cutting presses, platen printing presses, punch presses which involve hand feeding of the machine, arm-type wirestitchers or staplers, circular or band saws, corner cutters or mitering machines, corrugating and single or double-lacing machines, envelope die-cutting presses, guillotine paper cutters or shears, horizontal bar scorers, laminating or combining machines, sheeting machines, scrap paper balers or vertical slotters, or other machine used in the remanufacture or conversion of paper or pulp into a finished product.
  • manufacturing clay construction product or silica refractory products
    • clay construction products include brick, hollow structural tile, sewer pipe, refractories, architectural terra cotta, glazed structural tile, roofing tile, stove lining, chimney pipes and tops, wall coping and drain tile
    • silica refractory products are items produced from raw materials and containing free silica as their main constituent
  • working with power-driven saws
  • wrecking, demolition, and ship-breaking, which includes all work, including cleanup and salvage work, performed on or at the site of the total or partial razing, demolishing, or dismantling of a building, bridge, steeple, tower, chimney, other structure, motor vehicle, ship, or other vessel
  • roofing or working with equipment attached to or placed on roofs, including:
    • all work performed in connection with the application of weatherproofing materials and substances, including tar, pitch, asphalt, prepared paper, tile, slate, metal, translucent materials, and shingles of asbestos, asphalt or wood, to roofs of buildings and other structures
    • all work performed in connection with installation of roofs, including related metal work, and alterations, additions, maintenance, and repair including painting and coating of roofs
  • excavating or tunneling, except manual excavation, backfilling, or working in trenches or other penetrations of the ground surface that do not excced two feet in depth at any time

AZ Statute 23-231

These restrictions do not prohibit youth 16 years old and older from operating power-driven lawn and yard care equipment not connected with retail, food service, and gasoline service establishments. Additionally, youth 16 years and older may work in the offices performing clerical work where prohibit work is performed so long as the youth is not exposed to the hazardous conditions of the prohibited work. AZ Statute 23-235